The new spatial agglomeration of an open economy should conform to the spatial agglomeration theory of the new economic geography and the characteristic conditions of the Chinese population, follow the historical practice and development trend of the spatial agglomeration of China’s open economy for the past 40 years since reform and opening up, fit the transformation of the development status and goals of the Chinese economy, and fulfill the requirements of the new era brought about by the new trends of economic globalization. It is necessary to guide the open economy towards a proper clustering in the central and western regions and accelerate the regional opening up. Meanwhile, in order to promote the proper distribution of production factors and the coordinated development of an open economy, we should facilitate the spatial optimization distribution of production factors by employing the comparative regional advantages and endowments, thereby improving the international competitiveness of China’s open economy



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