The fusion of linguistics and ecology leads to either ecolinguistics or linguistic ecology. The Haugenian approach and the Hallidayan approach are generally regarded by European, American and Chinese scholars as two paradigms of ecolinguistics research. In Russia, some scholars share the same view while most do not. To sum up, there are five different viewpoints regarding the disciplines formed by the fusion of linguistics and ecology. They are the identical view, the parallel view, the inclusive & identical view, the inclusive & parallel view, and the parallel & overlapping view. This paper studies these different viewpoints from the perspectives of the discipline’s foundation, research paradigm, research objective, task, content and terminological system and concludes that the combination of ecology and linguistics can produce “linguistic ecology” and “ecolinguistics”, or “ecology + linguistics”.


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