Poverty eradication is an important goal of African social development. China has always attached great importance to exchanges and cooperation with African countries in the field of poverty reduction and with the deepening of the practice and understanding of China-Africa anti-poverty cooperation, industrial-capacity cooperation has become a new theme of poverty reduction and development in China-Africa cooperation at the 2016 Forum on China Africa Cooperation (FOCAC)—Africa-China Poverty Reduction and Development Conference. Through combing and analysis of relevant literature and data, we found that China-Africa industrial-capacity cooperation, which is based on infrastructure construction, industrial park construction and trade exchanges, has played an important role in poverty reduction and development in African countries by facilitating industrialization and agricultural modernization, enhancing endogenous motivation for poverty alleviation, and improving the sustainable livelihood of poor people. At present, in the practice of anti-poverty industrial-capacity cooperation between China and Africa, there are still difficulties such as weak anti-poverty foundation and cooperation paths yet to be optimized. Meanwhile, it is also faced with a series of risks and challenges such as intensified international competition. In order to improve the cooperation between China and Africa, promote anti-poverty benefits, optimize the implementation paths, and better solve the dilemma of cooperation, we put forward relevant countermeasures and suggestions from the four dimensions of government, enterprises, think tanks and people



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