Human origins have always been a hot topic of research in academia, focusing on the controversy between “single African origin” and “multiregional evolution.” The evolution from ancient ape to modern humans was a complex process, which required the co-existence of diverse favorable factors. Based on a review of existing research findings, this paper argues that modern humans originated in the Himalayas and presents multi-dimensional evidence from the perspectives of geology, seismology, climatology, archaeology, biology, genetics, and others. The evolution from ape to man may have also existed in regions other than the Himalayas. However, such evolution falls under “invalid origin” due to the lack of essential conditions for evolution, and particularly, the evolutionary process was interrupted by the erosion of frequent Quaternary glaciations. The homo sapiens originating in the Himalayas gradually migrated and settled down across the world several times during the interglacial periods, creating local cultures and colorful civilizations in parallel. The findings of this paper provide new orientations and approaches for the studies of human origins and the development of civilizations.


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