The European Union (EU) seeks to build a Europe fit for the digital age. For this purpose, the EU has accelerated the process of catching up with digital technology and issued a number of legal and regulatory documents to establish a digital governance rule regime with EU characteristics. This paper analyzes the EU’s path towards the construction of digital governance rules. This path is composed of three aspects, i.e., strict digital supervision, differentiation of the free market, and multi-stakeholder governance. This three-step path has intrinsic logical implications. That is, strict digital supervision is applied to defend the EU’s unified market and values; differentiation of the free market takes the principle of adequate protection as the core to make the EU an exporter of rules; multi-stakeholder governance brings multiple stakeholders together in the governance to deal with the ethical anomie that arises during the use of big data. By setting up a series of digital governance rules, the EU seeks to achieve rule dominance to gain regulatory power for global digital governance. However, due to multiple constraints, there is a long way to go, and there are obstacles in the way



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