Chengdu and Chongqing, as two core cities in the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle, have always been in the front rank of development and reform of urban-rural integration in China. But due to different basic conditions, ideas and priorities are different in the two cities. This paper establishes an analysis framework based on system theory, conducts a systematic comparison on the development and reform of urban-rural integration in the two cities to achieve a comprehensive comparison study and finds out that: (a) Owing to different basic conditions, Chengdu and Chongqing have adopted different reform ideas and measures. Chengdu places more emphasis on systematic advancement, while Chongqing attaches more importance to key breakthroughs. (b) Chengdu’s high level shows that in the practice of urban-rural integration, independent policies and measures in local areas have limited effects. System efficiency can surpass the sum of local areas’ efficiencies only if a systematic method is adopted to comprehensively promote policies and measures for institutional innovations in various fields.





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