Participatory governance is a feasible method in the context of a need for effective governance. With the introduction of participatory governance, the focus has shifted to how to empower. A comparative study of two cases in this paper finds that full empowerment is the key to effective governance in participatory governance. Full empowerment can motivate a community to participate through the empower of rights and resources and can improve community participation capacity through the introduction of technical services. The full empowerment encourages a community to undertake its due responsibility and thus forms a mechanism of the simultaneous downward shift of right and responsibility; the refined technical services enhance community participation capacity and thus develop the mechanism of self-management and adaptation, and the interactions between multiple agents produces a coordinating mechanism for government empowerment and community acceptance





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