The Bashu area was one of the most civilized agricultural areas in ancient China. Since the late Eastern Han Dynasty, it has been reputed as the “Land of Abundance” due to its abundant resources. Archaeological data show that the Shu area cultivated millet as early as the prehistoric period. The legend goes that Can Cong was the first ruler of the Shu area during the pre-Qin period, indicating that agricultural production at that time had made great progress compared with the prehistoric period. During this period, the agricultural pattern of the Shu area experienced profound changes, from dryland millet farming originating from the Western Sichuan Plateau to rice farming that is more suitable for Sichuan Basin, especially for the Chengdu Plain, where there are abundant rainfalls and high temperatures. Since then, rice farming has become a long-established farming tradition in the Shu area. The agricultural production tools and grain crop seeds unearthed from the Baodun site, where the archaeological remains of Can Cong Culture were discovered, show the prosperity of early agriculture in the Shu area. During the Baodun Culture period, the accelerated economic and social development in the Shu area promoted complicated and hierarchical changes in the social organization structure of settlements, which gradually evolved into early states




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