How enterprises overcome the digital divide in a digital economy is a topic related to efficiency and fairness. The formation of the digital divide has showcased a certain level of objectivity and is also influenced by the characteristics of enterprises themselves. Based on the model that expands the information and communication technology (ICT) access, concept, we explored the digital divide’s formation logic of the digital divide and feasible ways to cross it. Our findings shed light on its formation logic, which includes elements of the subjective will of enterprises to transform, the fear of transformation, the dependence on development paths, and the cost of using digital technology, all of which have contributed to disparities in enterprises’ motivational access. In addition, differences in the construction of digital infrastructure, financial strengths, business models, and heterogeneity in cluster networks have led to differences in enterprises’ material access. The absorptive capacity of enterprises has affected their skill access, while the management capability influences the application access of enterprises. We also found that crossing the digital divide requires the joint efforts of governments, markets, and enterprises in the four access dimensions.




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