Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels introduced the theory of spiritual communication in their influential work, The German Ideology, thereby establishing the Marxist perspective on communication. This theory has a distinct historical context, meaning, and significance. As society advances, driven by the proliferation of commodity-based economies and advancements in science and technology, humanity has entered the digital information age. The prevailing mode of communication in this era, centered around the Internet and big data, brings great convenience to society but also raises concerns about the potential alienation of both subjective and objective aspects of communication, as well as social relationships. Against this backdrop, the rethinking of Marx’s communication theory in the 21st century provides a logical framework and theoretical basis for critiquing the contemporary form of spiritual communication through the digital communication of the information age.




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